A simple question is what is Civil Engineering Degree? And the answer is Civil engineering is one of the branches of professional engineering systems that deals with the design, construction techniques, and management of real or natural built environments like bridges, roads, ditches, dams, buildings, etc. But this post is not just for this. From this post, you will know about civil engineer work, where they work, require qualifications, skills, and knowledge, the Scope of work, average monthly earnings, etc. So, read to the end.
What does a Civil Engineer do?
- Analyzing data from surveys conducted for infrastructure construction.
- Preparation of project plan based on collected data.
- Review project budget, risks, environmental impact, and other necessary issues.
- If government approval is required for the implementation of the project, take measures in this regard.
- Making Computer models.
- Informing the authorities about the cost of raw materials, machinery, and required manpower for the implementation of the project.
- Testing soil quality to ensure the long-term safety of the project.
- Ensuring quality of required construction materials.
- Overseeing all construction-related activities during the project.
- Giving appropriate instructions to the staff engaged in the project.
- Regularly informing the authorities about the progress of the project.
- Providing technical advice to the authorities on project maintenance.
Where does a civil engineer work?
Civil engineers are associated with any infrastructural construction works and projects. For example:
- Private house construction.
- Housing project.
- Office construction project.
- Commercial building construction projects.
- Road-highway construction and repair projects.
- Railway construction and repair projects.
- Bridge construction project.
- Dam construction project.
- Factory construction projects.
- Port construction project.
What kind of Qualification Should a Civil Engineer have?
Educational Qualification: You must have B.Sc degree in Civil Engineering. However, diploma degree holders can work in various organizations as Sub-Assistant Engineers.
Age: The age limit is determined project-wise. Generally, you must be at least 22 years of age.
Experience: Experience is preferred in this profession. There is no substitute for experience, especially when working on large projects.
What kind of skills and knowledge should a civil engineer have?
To work in this profession, it is necessary to have good knowledge of mathematics and physics. Besides, you should be proficient in using computer software used in design and modeling work. For example:
- AutoCAD Civil 3D.
- SAP 2000.
Apart from technical knowledge, you will need some other skills. For example:
- Be creative in thinking.
- Drawing skills.
- Analytical ability.
- Ability to pay attention to detail.
- Project management.
- Personnel management.
- Technical problem-solving skills through negotiation.
- Ability to make decisions under stress in emergency situations.
How can the Career of a Civil Engineer be?
As an Assistant Engineer, you will have a chance to start your career in almost all public and private organizations. And also you will get a promotion within 3-5 years of service. The highest level government post in this career is Chief Engineer. One can get appointed as a managing executive in a private firm or company.
In the private sector, many work independently by creating consultant firms or construction firms.
Scope of Civil Engineer.
As the scope of civil engineering has expanded with the change in time, many branches have emerged. Their notable areas are structural, Geotech, transportation, hydraulic, environmental, etc.
Civil engineering has some specialties. Civil engineers work in various sectors such as construction engineers, vehicular engineers, power and irrigation engineers, geoengineering engineers, environmental engineers, and public works engineers.
Civil engineers have to work at both the office and field levels. Contracting and consulting engineers are required to work at different locations at the same time.
They also have to deal with difficult situations like management and disaster mitigation. Structural engineers design oil rigs, multi-story parking structures, or homes to ensure that the structure can withstand the loads it is designed to carry.
They invent new construction materials and techniques such as special types of bridge structures and special types of building structures etc.
Importance of Civil Engineering Profession.
Developed countries in the world are gradually improving and developing countries are moving towards development. The development of a country depends on its per capita income, economic infrastructure, development of transportation system, and development of the building. The landmass is fixed but the population is growing steadily in an unplanned manner and will continue to grow in the future.
The basic needs for people’s life in this particular region such as food, clothing, shelter, medical care, education, etc. are gradually increasing. At the same time, unemployment is increasing. Therefore, measures to eliminate unemployment should be taken along with meeting basic needs.
A civil engineer helps in the planning and implementation of infrastructure development projects. If you have technical skills and creativity then It is very easy to achieve success in this profession. The role of a civil engineer is very important for the housing sector, ensuring better communication systems or natural disaster tolerant and sustainable industrial development.
Certain things were in demand in those ancient times, still are, and will be in the future. Architecture is one such thing. The importance of civil engineering is increasing with time.
According to US News in 2020, the annual salary of a civil engineer in the United States ranges from $69,100 US dollars to $115,110 US dollars. But that doesn’t mean that everyone will get a high-paying job, that’s why the engineer needs to acquire that level of skill. This applies to all subjects, not just architecture.
Major branches of civil engineering are:
- Structural Engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Construction Engineering
- Urban development or design
In Civil Engineering there are 7 main branches which are briefly discussed below.
1. Structural Engineering.
This branch is properly designed by combining cement, sand, reinforcement, wood, and other materials to protect the house, hotel, park, bridge, building, etc. from the effects of Temperature, wind, water, earthquake, etc. with its load or external load resistance. work
2. Environmental Engineering.
The work of this branch is to prevent pollution of the environment i.e. air and water, purification, etc. Today it is an important branch. Supply of clean water, removal, and purification of waste, feces, etc. are discussed in this branch.
3. Geotechnical Engineering.
The material of the earth’s crust i.e. soil quality analysis, soil strength research, construction of the foundation of a building on the soil, etc. are discussed in this branch of civil engineering. Its civil engineering branch deals with underground seepage, earthquake effects, stability, etc. This branch deals with the partial design of embankments, retaining walls, foundations, etc.
4. Water Resources Engineering.
As we know that water is very important in our life and also it is a very common thing. Again we know that too, sometimes this water brings us death.
The branch of Civil Engineering which is Water resources engineering deals with the physical properties of water.
Discusses and designs the flood, urban-industrial-irrigation water supply, prevention of river erosion, river management, etc. This branch deals with hydraulic power, dams, canals, flood, etc.
5. Transportation Engineering.
A society’s characteristics or qualities depend on its communication system. This communication system greatly influenced the development of any society.
Transportation engineering deals with the design, research problems, and solutions of transportation systems for people, goods, etc. This branch deals with more transportation facilities on shorter roads, reduction of accidents, cost reduction, etc.
6. Construction Engineering.
This section discusses how to create a structure. Use of money, shortening of time, supply of necessary goods-machinery, etc., structure formation method science is worked in the branch.
7. Urban and Community Planning.
Urbanization and town planning are essentially group work. What a group or alliance might look like and how to put it together are researched in this branch.
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As the scope of civil engineering has expanded with the change in time, many branches have emerged. Though Civil is the oldest branch of engineering, it is one of the most demandable professional engineering sectors. And all over the world has a lot of scope for this profession. Hope you have got the answer to the question “what is Civil Engineering Degree?”.